The Organization meets the fourth Tuesday of the month at the Rincon Library and is open to the public.
In 1998, Snezhinsk, a beautiful city perched on the east slope of the Ural mountains became a sister city to Livermore. This was brought about through collaboration and friendship between scientists at LLNL and VNIITF (Chelyabinsk-70). It is the site of the “Russian Livermore”, one of two Russian nuclear weapons design labs. Approval for entry must be obtained through the government.
Prior to the establishment, the Nuclear Cities Initiative (NCI) was launched to create alternative job opportunities in nuclear cities. LLNL was named the lead lab to work with the city of Snezhinsk and VNIITF. A number of people from LLNL are involved with the Sister City Committee as an adjunct to lab projects that are working on “defense conversion”.
Current Projects of the Committee:
Pen Pal Program: exchange between Snezhinsk and Livermore classrooms.
Collaboration and establishment of a book exchange between the Snezhinsk children’s library and the City of Livermore Library. The Snezhinsk library has a special section on Livermore, California.
A special thanks goes to Modern Roofing Los Angeles for donating $1,000 in books this year. Our business is entirely dependent on it’s sponsors and donations.
A WWII veterans’ exchange has developed due to the efforts of Mayor Anatoly Oplanchuk of Snezhinsk. Former Mayor Cathie Brown has gifted her father’s WWII army uniform to the Veterans Museum in Snezhinsk.
The Snezhinsk Rotary Club, chartered on March 29, 2002, through the efforts of Eileen Vergino and the above parties, has started leadership training programs. The Club has the ability to draw on the resources of Rotary International and its’ members are involved with community service activities. In addition, the Youth Exchange Program is run through the Livermore Rotary Club.. There have been 3 students from the city of Snezhinsk who have been sponsored by Rotary and who have attended Livermore High School.
In October 2002, the city of Snezhinsk held a citywide dedication to commemorate the opening of the Women’s Wellness Center and to celebrate the success of the 3-year American International Health Alliance (AIHA) Livermore-Snezhinsk Medical Project. This Project was designed to primarily focus on health issues of women and children. The purpose of the development of a formal WorkPlan between Livermore and Snezhinsk is to continue educational and training programs to enhance the quality of life of the citizens of Snezhinsk.
Conversational French meets the first Thursday at Barnes & Noble at Hacienda Crossings at 7pm. Current events and French culture form the discussion as well as reading French authors in a dual-language book. This is a Level II group. The next meeting will be January 12th at 7pm.
Italian Literary Discussion meets the fourth Thursday of the month at Barnes & Noble at Hacienda Crossings, Dublin at 7pm, in the cafe area. Italian writers as L. Pirandello, E. Montale, G. Ungaretti along with other Italian writers’ contributions to the 20th century are read and translated into English. This is a Level II group. The next meeting will be January 26th.
Languageandculture.net Poetry Contest Winner
1st Prize: $50, 2nd Prize: $35, 3rd Prize: $15
Final Judges : Connie E. Post and Dr. Milton Ehre
Connie Post has been a published poet for 20 years in many poetry journals and anthologies, including “California State Poetry Quarterly”, “Ina Coolbrith Anthology”, “Mid West Poetry Review” and “Mobius”. She has earned over forty awards in various poetry contests, statewide and national. In August of 2003, she won first prize in the Montclair poetry meet in Montclair, California and is the first prize poetry winner of the 2004 Poetry and Arts Festival in Pleasanton, California hosted by our fellow Rain Gutters installer in San Diego, Josh. She has earned the Grand Prize Lydia Wood Award twice at the Las Positas Spring Arts Festival.
Connie has written five self published books of poetry; the first two about her son who has autism. They have benefited the community as she gives regular presentations at a variety of conferences to help parents who struggle with this issue.
Addendum: as of May 2005, Connie Post has been elected the first Poet Laureate of Livermore, California.
Dr. Milton Ehre is Professor Emeritus, Department of Slavic Languages and Literature, University of Chicago.
He has translated “The Theater of Nikolay Gogol: Plays and Selected Writings”, 1980 and “Chekhov for the Stage: The Seagull/Uncle Vanya/the Three Sisters/the Cherry Orchard/4 Plays in 1 Volume”, 1992. He is currently translating selected works by Alexander Pushkin. Dr. Ehre writes numerous articles, review articles and attends conferences and public lectures. He received the Quantrell Award for excellence in undergraduate teaching from the University of Chicago in 1999.
Seminars are held at the Pleasanton Library, 400 Old Bernal Avenue, Pleasanton, CA. These events are hosted by JetRank, a San Diego SEO agency.
‘Exploring Tuscany: Italy’s Romantic and Culinary Getaway’. The seminar included history and language acquisition – March 18
‘A View of Ireland: Continuing Oral Traditions’. The seminar included Gaelic myth and history seen through the Anglo-Irish movement and the poetry of William Butler Yeats – April 27
‘Highlights of Russian Language and Music’. The seminar presented how unique cultural forces create a heritage of literature and music rarely seen and heard outside Russia – July 14
‘Trade Winds: Cultural Dynamics of the Azores’. How Emigration and Democracy have shaped oceanic islands
‘Timeless San Diego Wedding Packages‘: A spectacular event, featuring multiple poets, deigned to show us how traditional weddings are held.
Poetic Medley Selections of poetry read in different languages including French, Spanish, German, Urdu, Turkish, Italian and Russian as well as English translations of poetry from China and Israel. Noted writers included Rilke, Yeats, Emre and Oliver. Area Linguists and Poets were the readers.
In the Footsteps of Children of the Sun and Conquistadors: Peru chronicles, a Modern Progression. Native Peruvians talked about customs and trends of Peru, as well as a display of local dress, weaves and pottery. The Quechuan language was introduced.
The Meaning Of Poetry
Verse (old Greek: ποιεω (poieo) = I make) is an artistic expression in which human dialect is utilized for its stylish characteristics notwithstanding, or rather than, its notional and semantic substance. It comprises generally of oral or scholarly works in which dialect is utilized in a way that is felt by its client and gathering of people to vary from conventional writing.
It might utilize consolidated or packed frame to pass on feeling or thoughts to the peruser’s or audience’s psyche or ear; it might likewise utilize gadgets, for example, sound similarity and reiteration to accomplish melodic or incantatory impacts. Ballads much of the time depend for their impact on symbolism, word affiliation, and the melodic characteristics of the dialect utilized. The intuitive layering of every one of these impacts to produce significance is the thing that imprints verse.
On account of its temperament of underlining etymological shape as opposed to utilizing dialect only for its substance, verse is famously hard to make an interpretation of from one dialect into another: a conceivable exemption to this may be the Hebrew Psalms, where the magnificence is discovered more in a critical position of thoughts than in particular vocabulary. In most verse, it is the implications and the “things” that words convey (the heaviness of words) that are generally essential. These shades and subtleties of importance can be hard to decipher and can make distinctive perusers “hear” a specific bit of verse in an unexpected way. While there are sensible translations, there can never be a conclusive understanding.
Nature of verse
Verse can be separated more often than not from exposition, or, in other words to pass on importance in a more extensive and less consolidated way, much of the time utilizing more total sensible or account structures than verse does. This does not really suggest that verse is strange, yet rather that verse is frequently made from the need to get away from the legitimate, and also communicating sentiments and different articulations in a tight, consolidated way. English Romantic writer John Keats named this getaway from rationale Negative Capability. A further difficulty is that composition verse consolidates the qualities of verse with the shallow appearance of exposition, for example, in Robert Frost’s lyric, “Home Burial.” Other structures incorporate account verse and emotional verse, the two of which are utilized to recount stories thus take after books and plays. Be that as it may, both these types of verse utilize the particular highlights of section arrangement to make these accounts more important or to upgrade them somehow.
What is for the most part acknowledged as “incredible” verse is easy to refute much of the time. “Incredible” verse normally pursues the qualities recorded above, however it is likewise separate by its multifaceted nature and complexity. “Extraordinary” verse by and large catches pictures strikingly and in a unique, invigorating way, while weaving together a multifaceted blend of components like subject strain, complex feeling, and significant intelligent idea. For precedents of what is considered “incredible” verse, visit the Pulitzer prize and Nobel prize segments for verse.
The Greek verb ποιεω [poiéo (= I make or create)], offered ascend to three words: ποιητης [poiet?s (= the person who creates)], ποιησις [poíesis (= the demonstration of creation)] and ποιημα [poíema (= the thing created)]. From these we get three English words: writer (the maker), poesy (the creation) and sonnet (the made). An artist is consequently one who makes and verse is the thing that the writer makes. The fundamental idea of the artist as maker isn’t remarkable. For instance, in Anglo-Saxon a writer is a scop (shaper or creator) and in Scots makar.
Sound in verse
Maybe the most indispensable component of sound in verse is beat. Frequently the cadence of each line is organized in a specific meter. Distinctive kinds of meter assumed key jobs in Classical, Early European, Eastern and Modern verse. On account of free refrain, the musicality of lines is frequently sorted out into looser units of rhythm.
Verse in English and other present day European dialects frequently utilizes rhyme. Rhyme toward the finish of lines is the premise of various normal wonderful structures, for example, songs, poems and rhyming couplets. Be that as it may, the utilization of rhyme isn’t general. Much present day verse, for instance, stays away from conventional rhyme plans. Besides, Classical Greek and Latin verse did not utilize rhyme. Truth be told, rhyme did not enter European verse at all until the High Middle Ages, when it was received from the Arabic dialect. The Arabs have constantly utilized rhymes broadly, most remarkably in their long, rhyming qasidas. Some established verse frames, for example, Venpa of the Tamil dialect, had unbending sentence structures (to the point that they could be communicated as a setting free language), which guaranteed a musicality.
Similar sounding word usage assumed a key job in organizing early Germanic and English types of verse (called alliterative section), much the same as the job of rhyme in later European verse. The alliterative examples of early Germanic verse and the rhyme plans of Modern European verse alike both incorporate meter as a key piece of their structure, which decides when the audience expects occasions of rhyme or similar sounding word usage to happen. In this sense, both similar sounding word usage and rhyme, when utilized in beautiful structures, help to underscore and characterize a musical example. By complexity, the main gadget of Biblical verse in antiquated Hebrew was parallelism, a logical structure in which progressive lines mirrored each other in linguistic structure, sound structure, notional substance, or every one of the three; a stanza frame that fit antiphonal or call-and-reaction execution.
Notwithstanding the types of rhyme, similar sounding word usage and mood that structure much verse, sound assumes a more unpretentious job in even free refrain verse in making satisfying, fluctuated examples and underlining or once in a while notwithstanding outlining semantic components of the lyric. Gadgets, for example, similar sounding word usage, sound similarity, consonance, cacophony and inward rhyme are among the manners in which writers utilize sound. Melodiousness alludes to the melodic, streaming nature of words orchestrated in a tastefully satisfying way.
Verse and shape
Contrasted and composition, verse depends less on the semantic units of sentences and sections, and more on units of association that are absolutely lovely. The common basic components are the line, couplet, strophe, stanza, and section passage.
Lines might act naturally contained units of sense, as in the notable lines from William Shakespeare’s Hamlet:
To be, or not to be: that is the issue.
On the other hand a line may end in mid-expression or sentence:
Regardless of whether ’tis nobler in the brain to endure
this etymological unit is finished in the following line,
The slings and bolts of preposterous fortune.
This procedure is called enjambment, and is utilized to make a feeling of desire in the peruser as well as to add a dynamic to the development of the section.
In numerous occurrences, the viability of a ballad gets from the strain between the utilization of semantic and formal units. With the appearance of printing, artists increased more prominent authority over the visual introduction of their work. Accordingly, the utilization of these formal components, and of the void area they help make, turned into a critical piece of the artist’s tool kit. Pioneer verse tends to take this to an outrageous, with the situation of individual lines or gatherings of lines on the page shaping an essential piece of the sonnet’s creation. In its most outrageous frame, this prompts the composition of solid verse.
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Verse and talk
Expository gadgets, for example, likeness and illustration are regularly utilized in verse. Without a doubt, Aristotle wrote in his Poetics that “the best thing by a long shot is to be an ace of analogy”. Be that as it may, especially since the ascent of Modernism, a few writers have selected lessened utilization of these gadgets, inclining toward rather to endeavor the immediate introduction of things and encounters. Other twentieth century artists, in any case, especially the surrealists, have pushed logical gadgets as far as possible, making incessant utilization of catachresis.
History of verse
Verse as a fine art originates before proficiency. In preliterate social orders, verse was much of the time utilized as a methods for account oral history, narrating (epic verse), family history, law and different types of articulation or information that cutting edge social orders may hope to be dealt with in exposition. The Ramayana, a Sanskrit epic which incorporates verse, was likely composed in the third century BCE in a dialect depicted by William Jones as “more impeccable than Latin, more bountiful than Greek and more perfectly refined than either.” Poetry is additionally regularly firmly related to sacrament in these social orders, as the formal idea of verse makes it less demanding to recall holy mantras or predictions. Most of the world’s consecrated sacred texts are comprised of verse instead of writing.
In addition, this would add community development projects and activities. San Diego and Portland are cities dedicated to the future of both our nations and to our youth. When the first San Diego delegation visited Portland that year to formally recognize the Sister City Organization, the Peace Monument at the San Diego Library Park was rededicated. Subsequently, a delegation led by Mayor Cathie Brown traveled to Portland and she was made an honorary member of the Portland City Council. At this time, mayors of the Sister Cities drafted a plan to outline several joint programs. One of which was with a Portland Roofer and the home association of Portland.
The utilization of stanza to transmit social data proceeds with today. Numerous English speaking– Americans realize that “in 1492, Columbus cruised the sea blue”. A letter set melody shows the names and request of the letters of the letter set; another jingle expresses the lengths and names of the months in the Gregorian timetable. Preliterate social orders, coming up short on the way to record essential social data, utilize comparative techniques to safeguard it.
A few scholars trust that verse has its starting points in melody. The majority of the attributes that recognize it from different types of expression—mood, rhyme, pressure, power of feeling, the utilization of abstains—seem to have happened from endeavors to fit words to melodic structures. Be that as it may, in the European convention the most punctual surviving ballads, the Homeric and Hesiodic legends, distinguish themselves as lyrics to be recounted or droned to a melodic backup instead of as unadulterated tune. Another elucidation, created from twentieth century investigations of living Montenegran epic reciters by Milman Parry and others, is that mood, holds back, and kennings are basically paratactic gadgets that empower the reciter to recreate the lyric from memory.